An Overview of Contract Research Organization
An organization that provides support services in the form of research services to pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical device industries, and also serves government institutions, foundations, and universities, which is outsourced and on a contract basis, is referred to as contract research organization or CRO. Different CROs range from large, international full service organizations to small, specialty groups.
To reduce the time it takes to conduct a trial against doing the trial in-house, which translates to significant cost savings, organizations and businesses contract with CROs to acquire their specific expertise, without hiring a permanent staff. With the CRO contract, there is no need for the hiring organization to put up the infrastructure, office space or manpower to run these trials themselves. Depending on the terms of the contract, some CROs manage almost all aspects of a clinical trial, from site selection and patient enrollment to final regulatory approval from the government regulatory agency, such as the Food and Drug Administration. But even with this term, the hiring organization remains responsible for the integrity of the data and ensures that all obtained data are factual and backed by good science and research. Know more about preclinical study design.
The following are the different comprehensive services provided by CROs: project management, data base design and build, data entry and validation, clinical trial management, medicine and disease coding, quality and metric reporting, statistical analysis plans and reports, validation programming, safety and efficacy summaries, and final study report. Among the services provided by CROs, the Association of Clinical Research Organizations estimates that more than 50% of these services are into pharmaceutical industries, 27% for biotech and the remaining percentage for the medical device industries, foundations and government institutions. The top therapeutic areas covered by the CROs work for pharmaceutical industries are oncology, central nervous system, infectious disease, metabolic disorders, and cardiovascular disease. Check out the preclinical molecular imaging for more details.
Before, the pharmaceutical industries and medical devices organizations face the increasing pressure on high costs of drugs, such that they looked for ways to lower the drug prices without sacrificing profits, and they have realized this objective through outsourcing of CROs. Through contracting CROs to handle the clinical trial management, these industries found a way to significantly lower overhead costs, which in turn help them make up for the dollars lost for lowering the medication prices. It used to be that pursuing the approval of a drug was prohibitively expensive and can only be approved when companies can guarantee that the drug will be sold to a large market, but with CROs, an outlet through it has been provided that is more affordable for companies to pursue new medications. The CROs helpful services, which are cost-effective, have helped more companies to develop smaller drugs for special case groups. To understand more about preclinical imaging, check out http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/imaging.